November 21, 2022

Hover Take a trip and you will Bee Fly Variety Range

Hover Take a trip and you will Bee Fly Variety Range

Bee Types Range

Regarding 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee diversity (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) ended up being involved during the Calanques Government Playground through each other online and you will dish pitfall series. They belonged to help you half a dozen family members and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the really kinds-rich family, accompanied by Apidae and Halictidae, which have 53, forty two, and you will 43 kinds, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is actually the fresh richest genus, having 33 range, when you’re eight genera were represented throughout the only one varieties (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table 1 [on the internet just] ). Utilizing the jackknife 1 and 2 bots, the fresh bee variety richness is basically estimated to be anywhere between ± nine.89 and you will ± . New viewed richness therefore depicted 71.3 to help you 79.6% of one’s estimated bee richness ( Table dos). This new Chao1 means projected this new viewed richness locate 76.8% of your own prospective limit fullness ( Table 2). The absolute most plentiful variety is simply Apis mellifera L. (276 somebody), that have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you may 168 anybody, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 someone). In the course of time, fifty kinds (26%) was in fact represented by one personal (singletons).

Environment Services regarding Bees

Regarding your environmental properties of nesting requires, we realized 59 solitary bee kinds nesting above flooring, ninety-five unmarried bee diversity nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic range, just like 30.7, 47.nine, and you will numerous.0% of the complete bee variety richness, respectively. We concept of five private variety (bumble bees and you can honey bees-dos.1%). Sooner or later, the nesting preferences out of 14 variety will still be unknown (7.3%- Supp Table the first step [on the internet simply] ). About your floral diet plan away from bee classes, we found that 105 types (54.7%) foraged to your of several bush kinds (we.years., generalist diversity, polylectic) and you can 51 types (twenty-six.5%) foraged on one bush nearest and dearest if not one/partners plant kinds (i.years., professional varieties, oligolectic). To your left 36 bee range (18.8%), the brand new flowery eating plan was not recognized (e.grams., that have cleptoparasitic species). perhaps not, very generalist varieties demonstrated a choice for starters otherwise a variety of bush household ( Supp Dining table step 1 [on the web only] ). Toward forty-two singletons, fourteen bee kinds (28%) had been specialist, and you can nine bee variety (18%) was indeed cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step one [online only] ).

A passionate IUCN updates can easily be bought getting 178 assortment (excluding the latest groups buildings and unidentified types). Many, 47 sizes was categorized once the research without (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 variety was basically the absolute minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), six species ended up being close threatened (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one varieties is assumed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table 1 [on line just] ). About three oligolectic groups have been one of many 7 threatened bee types. An excellent. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus was pro towards the Fabaceae, D. argentata is largely a professional for the Caprifoliaceae.

Out-of 2009 in order to 2018, 38 style of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) have been caught inside Calanques National Park. They belonged to help you 24 genera ( Supp Desk 2 [on the internet simply] ). The essential numerous genera had been Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some body), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 individuals), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville from inside the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen somebody), while 20 items (53%) have been depicted on just one personal ( Supp Table 2 [on the web simply] ). The newest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was portrayed of one’s 20 variety, together with five singletons (25%) ( Supp Table 3 [on the web only] ). New quote away from complete assortment richness out-off hover flies and bee flies are ranging from 83 and you will 97 kinds using the jackknife 1 and 2 indexes, respectively. For that reason, the latest viewed richness represented 59.8–69.9% of your own estimated hover travel and bee travel fullness ( Dining table dos).

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